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Mughal Bangladesh

Meet the Mughals, mystics, monks & the maharajas

Bangladesh is rich in history and heritage with thousands of years of an old civilization. Historic sites and remnants are scattered all over the country. Especially the northern part of the country is full of archaeological treasures. Most of the wonderful historic establishment located in Rajshahi, Rangpur and Dhaka division like Mohastnangar, Paharpur Buddhist Monastery, Kantajee’s Temple, Choto Sona Masjid, etc. The tourists never miss visiting these sites surrounded by picturesque rural landscape and colorful lifestyle.

Paharpur Buddhist Monastery

Somapura Mahavihara known as Paharpur Buddhist Monastery and a UNESCO World Heritage site built during the Pala dynasty in the 7th century is considered as a base of Buddhism in this part of the world. It is believed that Lord Buddha spent some time here and preached the people. The scholars opine that this was a university at that time. Site museum houses antiquities and artifacts that prove the glorious civilization of the past university.

 

Mahasthangarh 

Mahasthangarh is the oldest citadel and an archaeological site, you will be glad to know that it was once the ancient capital of the Pundra Kingdom. This 3rd century BC archaeological site is still held to be of great sanctity by the Buddhist, Hindus, and Muslims. A visit to Mahasthangarh will open up for you a wide variety of antiquities, ranging from terracotta objects to gold ornaments and coins recovered from the site, which is preserved in a richly decorated site museum.

Temple City Puthia

Visitors to Rajshahi will definitely want to include a stop at Puthia, the home of some magnificent temples that lie just off the Rajshahi-Natore Highway. The town lies just 23km away from Rajshahi and so it is easily visited on a half-day trip from the city. The Puthia estate originate from the early Mughal period when Emperor Jahangir gave the title of Raja to a subordinate named Nilambar during the early 17th century, which included a large area of land that comprises modern-day Puthia. From the early 17th century till the late 19th century there are few temples were built by this dynasty such as Puthia Palace, Siva temple dated from 1823, Govinda temple and Goplala temple in 1895. This estate of ancient temples gloriously exposes the rich history and religious legacy of that period.

Uttara Gonobhaban

Uttara Gonabhaban, which was known as Estate Rajbari during the British and Pakistan periods, was the palace of the Maharajas of Dighapatia. The government is now using the palace as the official residence of the head of the government of Bangladesh in the northern region. This is a historic place widely visited by tourists.

 

Bagha Mosque

Bagha Mosque, an exquisite structure built-in 1523-24 by Sultan Nusrat Shah, son of Husayn Shah bears the history and rich cultural diversity during the sultanate in Bengal. Four freestanding stone pillars and ten partly concealed pilasters support the roof of ten equal hemispherical domes. It is worth mentioning for its profound terracotta ornamentation. The visitors will get to see the highest standard of architectural resources at that period.

Choto Sona Mosque

The mosque was built during the reign of Sultan Hussain Shah, between 1493 and 1519. The fifteen domes of the mosque were once gilded, giving the mosque the name of Choto Shona Masjid (Small Golden Mosque). The mosque is one of the best-preserved sultanat monuments under protection by the Governments of Bangladesh. This is representing a glorious Muslim rule at that time.

Tajhat Palace

Tajhat Place is an attractive historic establishment of the country, located at the southern end of Rangpur city. The palace was built at the beginning of the 20th century by Maharaj Kumar Gopal Lal Roy. Its architectural views and historic legacy with marvelous surroundings captivate the visitors. The building was once turned into a branch of the high court, but now it is recognized as an architectural wonder. After the end of the British Raj, the building was abandoned and decayed, although it was used for a few years as a courthouse during the 1980s. In 2004, it was largely restored and turned into a museum that houses artifacts and valuables of the landlord.

 

Kantajew (Kantanagar) Temple

Kantajew or Kantanagar Temple is an eighteenth-century brick-built temple, located in the peaceful island hamlet of Kantanagar about 12 miles north of Dinajpur town, and about a mile west of Dinajpur-Tetulia highway. This nava- Ratna or ‘nine spired’ Hindu temple, most sought after because of its wonderful terracotta embellishment. The visitors are just spell-bound to see the wall of the temple. This temple’s every inch of which are plagued with wonderful terracotta.

Shalbon Bihara (Cumilla)

Shalbon Bihara (Cumilla)

In Cumilla, there are a series of hillock, where the Northern part is called Moinamoti and the Southern part is called Lalmai. Shalbon Bihar is in the Middle of Lalmai and Moinamoti, which was established in the 8th century by the Deva dynasty presently called Shalbon Bihar. It was one of the famous Buddhist monasteries in the region in those days.

Panam City

Panam City, known as ‘the lost city’, a historic place and an important archeological site in Bangladesh situated in Sonargaon Upazila of Narayanganj District. You will be astonished to know that the structures are older than around 400-500 years. This is called the oldest capital of Bengal along the ancient silk road from the Bengal delta to china and central Asia.

 

Sixty Dome Mosque

One of the largest Sultanate mosques in Bangladesh and one of the most impressive Muslim monuments in the whole of the Indian sub-continent is the Sixty Dome Mosque. It has been also declared as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. This is one of the most beautiful archeological and historical Mosques in Bangladesh made by red burn mud. The archeological beauty of this Mosque enchants the tourist till now.

 

Baliati Palace

The great Baliati Zamindar Place located at the Saturia Upazila of Manikganj district. This archaeological building is about 200 years old. A river named Gazikhali which is demised interim of the time flowed at the northern side of the palace. Gobinda Ram Shaha was the settler of the Zumidari at Baliati. He was a salt merchant. His forefather was poor and started a small business. Later he owned that from his parents. Then he extended that business further and established Zamindari.

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